Knee pain is a common problem with many causes from acute injuries to complications of medical conditions knee pain can be localized to a specific area of the knee or be diffuse throughout the knee. Knee pain is often accompanied by physical restriction. A through physical examination will usually establish the diagnosis of knee pain.
Knee pain is a common problem that can originated in any bony structures compromising the knee joint, the kneecap or the ligaments and cartilage of knee. Knee pain can be aggravated by physical activity as well as obesity affected by surrounding muscles and their movements and be triggered by other problems such as a foot injury. Knee pain can affect people of all ages and home remedies can be helpful unless it becomes severe.
- Difficulty weight bearing or walking due to instability of the knee
- limping due to discomfort
- difficulty walking up or down steps due to ligament damage
- locking of knee,unable to bend the knee
- redness and swelling
- inability to extend the knee
- shifting weight to opposite knee and foot
Causes of knee pain
- Acute injury such as a broken bone torn ligament or meniscus tear
- Medical conditions rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoarthritis infections
- Chronic use or over use conditions such as Osteoarthritis ,chondromalacia,IT band syndrome, patellar syndromes,tendinites and bursitis
Treatments for knee pain are as varied as the conditions that can cause the pain.
Medications might be prescribed to treat an underlying medical condition or for your pain reliefIf you are taking over-the-counter pain medications regularly for your knee pain,you should see your doctor yo be evaluated.
Physical therapy – sometimes the muscles around the knee will make it more stable and gurantee the best mechanical movements . Working with a physical therapist can help avoid injuries or further worsening of an injury.
Injections- injecting medications directly into your knee might help in certain situations. the two most most common injections are corticosteroids and libricant. Corticosteroids injections can help arthritis and other inflammations of the knee. They usuallyneed to be repeated every few months. Lubricants that are similar to the fluid already in your knee joint can help with movement and pain.
Surgery-knee operations range from arthroscopic knee surgery to total knee replacement. Arthroscopic knee surgery is a very common surgical procedure that allows the physician look inside your knee through a few small holes and a fiberoptic camera. The surgeon can repair many of the injuries and remove small pieces of loose bones or cartilage. This is a common outpatient procedure.
Partial knee replacement-The surgeon replaces the damaged portions of the knee with plastic and metal parts. Because only part of the knee joint is replaced, this procedure has a shorter recovery then a total knee replacement
Total knee replacement-In this procedure, the knee is replaced with an artificial joint.
Self-care measures for an injured knee include:
- Rest. Take a break from your normal activities to reduce repetitive strain on your knee, give the injury time to heal and help prevent further damage. A day or two of rest may be all you need for a minor injury. More-severe damage is likely to need a longer recovery time.
- Ice. Ice reduces both pain and inflammation. A bag of frozen peas works well because it covers your whole knee. You also can use an ice pack wrapped in a thin towel to protect your skin. Although ice therapy is generally safe and effective, don’t use ice for longer than 20 minutes at a time because of the risk of damage to your nerves and skin.
- Compression. This helps prevent fluid buildup in damaged tissues and maintains knee alignment and stability. Look for a compression bandage that’s lightweight, breathable and self-adhesive. It should be tight enough to support your knee without interfering with circulation.
- Elevation. To help reduce swelling, try propping your injured leg on pillows or sitting in a recliner.